How to Install Joomla 4 on Ubuntu 22.04

How to Install Joomla 4 on Ubuntu 22.04

Joomla is a free, open source and one of the most popular Content Management System (CMS) around the world which allow the users to create or build their own website and applications.

It is built on PHP and stores its data on an SQL-based database engine on the backend such as MySQL/MariaDB.

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Joomla 4 on your Ubuntu 22.04 OS.

Step 1: Update Operating System

Update your Ubuntu 22.04 operating system to make sure all existing packages are up to date:

$ sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Step 2: Install Apache webserver

You can install Apache via apt package manager by executing the following command.

$ sudo apt install apache2

You can start the Apache service and configure it to run on startup by entering the following commands:

$ sudo systemctl start apache2
$ sudo systemctl enable apache2

Verify the status of the Apache service using systemctl status command:

$ sudo systemctl status apache2

Output:

● apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Tue 2022-04-26 15:18:33 UTC; 1min 31s ago
Docs: https://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/
Main PID: 13521 (apache2)
Tasks: 55 (limit: 2200)
Memory: 4.8M
CPU: 148ms
CGroup: /system.slice/apache2.service
├─13521 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
├─13523 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
└─13524 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

You can test to make sure everything is working correctly by navigating to:

http://your-IP-address

If everything is configured properly, you should be greeted by the default Apache2 Page, as seen below.

Apache2 on Ubuntu 22.04

Step 3: Install PHP and PHP extensions for Joomla 4

You can install PHP 8.1 and other supporting packages using the following command:

$ sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-dev php-bcmath php-intl php-soap php-zip php-curl php-mbstring php-mysql php-gd php-xml

Verify if PHP is installed.

php -v
Output:
PHP 8.1.2 (cli) (built: Apr 7 2022 17:46:26) (NTS)
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v4.1.2, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
with Zend OPcache v8.1.2, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies

Step 4: Install MariaDB and create a database

You can install MariaDB with the following command:

$ sudo apt install mariadb-server

Start the database server daemon, and also enable it to start automatically at the next boot with the following commands:

$ systemctl start mariadb
$ systemctl enable mariadb

Verify the status of the MariaDB service using systemctl status command:

$ sudo systemctl status mariadb

Output:

 mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.6.7 database server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running)
Docs: man:mariadbd(8)
https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/
Process: 27074 ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/install -m 755 -o mysql -g root -d /var/run/mysqld (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
Process: 27075 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c systemctl unset-environment _WSREP_START_POSITION (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
Process: 27077 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c [ ! -e /usr/bin/galera_recovery ] && VAR= || VAR=`cd /usr/bin/..; /usr/bin/galera_recovery`; [ $? -eq 0 ] && >
Process: 27117 ExecStartPost=/bin/sh -c systemctl unset-environment _WSREP_START_POSITION (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
Process: 27119 ExecStartPost=/etc/mysql/debian-start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
Main PID: 27106 (mariadbd)
Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..."
Tasks: 7 (limit: 2200)
Memory: 57.0M
CPU: 880ms
CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service
└─27106 /usr/sbin/mariadbd

Once the database server is installed, log into the MariaDB prompt:

$ sudo  mysql -u root

To create a database, database user, and grant all privileges to the database user run the following commands:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE joomla_db;
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'joomla_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'Password';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON joomla_db.* TO 'joomla_user'@'localhost';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT

Step 5: Download Joomla 4

We will now download the latest version of Joomla from the Official site.

Use the following command to download Joomla 4:

$ sudo wget https://downloads.joomla.org/cms/joomla4/4-1-2/Joomla_4-1-2-Stable-Full_Package.zip

Extract file into the folder /var/www/html/joomla/ with the following command,

$ sudo apt -y install unzip 
$ sudo unzip Joomla_4-1-2-Stable-Full_Package.zip -d /var/www/html/joomla

Enable permission for the Apache webserver user to access the files,

$ sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/joomla/

Step 6: Configure Apache Web Server for Joomla 4

Navigate to /etc/apache2/sites-available directory and run the following command to create a configuration file for your installation:

$ sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/joomla.conf

Add the following content:

<VirtualHost *:80>

ServerAdmin [email protected]

ServerName your-domain.com
ServerAlias www.your-domain.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/joomla

<Directory /var/www/html/joomla/>
        Options FollowSymlinks
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
</Directory>

ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/your-domain.com_error.log
CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/your-domain.com_access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

Save the file and Exit.

Enable the Joomla virtual host:

$ sudo a2ensite joomla.conf

Restart the Apache web server.

$ sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 7: Access Joomla 4 Web Installer

Open your browser type your domain e.g http://your-domain.com  and complete the required steps to finish the installation.

Joomla 4

Once the Joomla has been installed, you will get the following screen:

Install Joomla 4

Click on the Open Administrator. You will get the login screen:

Install Joomla 4 on Ububntu 22.04

Enter your Joomla admin user, password and click on the Log in. You will get the dashboard in the following screen:

Joomla 4 on Ubuntu 22.04

Comments and Conclusion

That’s it. You have successfully installed Joomla 4 CMS (Content Management system) on Ubuntu 22.04

If you have any questions please leave a comment below.

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